Knee pain can be caused by a sudden injury, an overuse injury, or by an underlying condition, such as arthritis. Treatment will vary depending on the cause. Symptoms of knee injury can include pain, swelling, and stiffness. The knee joint consists of an articulation between four bones: the femur, tibia, fibula and patella. There are four compartments to the knee. These are the medial and lateral tibiofemoral compartments, the patellofemoral compartment and the superior tibiofibular joint. The components of each of these compartments can suffer from repetitive strain, injury or disease.
Treatment of knee pain starts with conservative treatment such as physical therapy, chiropractic treatment and acupuncture. If symptoms persist, interventional pain management such as joint injection will be the next step. Knee surgery such as knee arthroscopy and knee replacement will be considered when patient has severe knee injuries.
Knee pain is a common problem that can occur suddenly or over a period of time. Knee pain may be due to a number of causes, and general treatment is readily available.
Injury-related causes include:
Arthritis-related causes include:
If you have knee pain, you can help by avoiding putting weight on it, and using an ice pack for up to 20 minutes every 2 to 3 hours. Painkillers can help with the pain. Treatment may include:
Knee Osteoarthritis is one of the most common types of arthritis. Even though exercise may seem counterintuitive when you’re in pain, there is excellent evidence to suggest that doing simple exercises to improve muscle strength and control of the knee joint can largely help to improve knee pain. Regular exercise can actually lessen and even relieve arthritic pain by reducing joint stiffness and swelling.
Running is a popular and inexpensive way to keep fit and active. There are a few things that might contribute to your running knee pain: