Ankle pain is any kind of discomfort or pain experienced by any part of the ankle. Many factors can cause ankle pain. A number of factors lead to this condition, including injury, arthritis, and wear and tear. A painful ankle can result from a number of causes, so you may experience stiffness or pain around the ankle. You may also have swelling in your ankle and be unable to put weight on it. Over-the-counter pain medications and rest are usually effective in treating ankle pain. An injured patient can receive treatment from a healthcare provider. Surgery isn’t always necessary for treating certain conditions. A broken ankle bone, or ankle pain not alleviated with nonsurgical treatment, can require surgery if the injury is severe.
A number of injuries and conditions can result in ankle pain. The following are some of the most common ankle injuries:
Various diseases, conditions, and disorders can also cause ankle pain. These include:
Pain in the ankle is often associated with other symptoms such as
Ankle pain may not always be preventable. But maintaining good health can help you maintain bone and ligament strength. Injury-induced ankle pain can be prevented by following these steps:
Sprained or rolled ankles are among the most common injuries to the ankle. Ankle sprains cause ligaments (the connective tissues between bones) to tear or become stretched. They can range in severity from mild to severe. If you lose your balance when walking, you may experience ankle pain. Sprains can cause a popping noise and eventually cause swelling and stiffness.
It’s important to seek medical advice after spraining your ankle, as your re-injury risk can increase by 40-70% if left untreated. Bruising or pain occurs with mild ankle sprains, but severe ankle sprains result in intense swelling and painful bruising, often taking some time to heal.
Treatments you can do at home for ankle injuries like elevating your foot and rest contribute to their recovery. Ankle pain usually doesn’t require surgery. If the swelling is severe, the pain does not subside within a few days, or if the pain does not go away after a few days, you may need surgery. Torn ligaments or tendons can be repaired through a variety of ankle surgery procedures. In some cases, this relieves arthritis pain or corrects flat feet. Relieving pain and restoring functionality is possible with ankle replacement surgery. You can recover from an injury using several non-invasive treatments.
The RICE method is recommended for treating ankle pain at home immediately. The following are included:
For pain and swelling relief, you can take over-the-counter (OTC) drugs like acetaminophen or ibuprofen. Gently rotating your ankle in circles after your pain subsides will help relax it. Whenever it becomes painful, stop rotating, and rotate in both directions.
It may also help to flex the ankle gently with your hands. You will recover from your injury faster by doing these exercises. They will help decrease swelling, and will help reduce pain.
You will not be able to completely heal your ankle injury if it is caused by arthritis. However, there are steps you can take to avoid it. You may find it helpful to:
Injuries like sprains or arthritis and gout, or conditions like nerve damage, cause ankle pain. In most cases, discomfort is experienced after 1 to 2 weeks of swelling and bruising. In the days after you first hurt your ankle, rest, elevate it, and apply ice to it three to five times a day. There is also the possibility of obtaining relief from over-the-counter medications. After you’ve tried these, if the pain remains, see your doctor to determine whether you need special shoes or ankle braces.