A slipped disc results when a disc protrudes, bulges or herniates. Degenerative or damaged intervertebral discs are referred to as slipped discs. Back pain coupled with sciatica is the result of spinal disc problems. Your spine contains disks that act as cushions between each vertebra. In the center is softer cartilage that surrounds an outer layer of tough cartilage. To help visualize them, think of them as small jelly doughnuts that fit perfectly between your vertebrae. A disk’s physical condition deteriorates over time. The cartilage of disks weakens as they dehydrate. It looks something like a hamburger that has grown too big for its bun when the outer layer of the disk bulges out evenly all around its circumference.
Herniated disks cause more pain than bulging disks, since they protrude farther and irritate nerves more easily. Inflammation of the nerve root can result from compression of the nerve or, in most cases, a herniation.
A disk’s condition deteriorates with age. Dehydration and cartilage stiffening occur when disks dehydrate over time. It looks a little like a hamburger that’s too big for its bun if the outer layer of the disk bulges out a bit evenly all the way around it due to these changes.
Bursting disks don’t always affect every square inch of its perimeter, but around one quarter, if not half, is normally affected. In this case, only the tough outer layer of cartilage is affected.
An alternative injury is a herniated disk, in which some of the softer inner cartilage protrudes out of the hard outer layer of the disk. Although the disk does not rupture or slip, herniated disks may also be called ruptured or slipped disks. The crack is only affected in a small part.
An aging-related condition referred to as disk degeneration is commonly the cause of herniated disks. Age makes your disks less flexible, making them more likely to rupture due to even the slightest stress.
Herniated disks are difficult to diagnose in most cases. Herniated disks can happen when you lift heavy objects with your back muscles rather than your leg and thigh muscles. It can also happen when you twist and turn while lifting. There are many reasons why a person falls, such as a fall or a blow to the back.
Bulging disks can happen to anyone at any age but they are more common in people who are older or participate in strenuous physical activity for long periods of time. Bulging discs should be understood and treated according to their symptoms, causes, and effects to avoid a deteriorating condition.
Surgery and medication therapy are included in its treatment. Physical therapy might be recommended by your doctor to help you with your pain. Herniated disk pain can be minimized with exercises and positions taught by physical therapists.
Pain medication over-the-counter may be prescribed if your pain is mild to moderate. Surgery is not required for most people with herniated disks. If you haven’t improved after six weeks of conservative treatments, your doctor might suggest surgery.