If you experience back pain, continue reading this article to understand its symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatments. It is the most recurrent disorder and affects people of every age group. In the US, the prevalent cause of impairment and seeking medical assistance is back pain. The pain can vary in characteristics from having mild symptoms to intense manifestations. It can be cured within days or it may last for weeks or even for months. Our leading board-certified professional in pain management can help you out with a personalized treatment plan according to your condition.
There are several causes of low back pain, including bony discs between the vertebrae, spinal cord and nerves, ligaments around the spine and discs, muscles in the lower back, abdominal and pelvic organs, and skin over the lumbar region. An upper back injury may result from an aortic disorder, chest tumors, and inflammation of the spine.
The first step in treating back pain is through conservative methods, like physical therapy, chiropractic treatment, and acupuncture. Following these treatments, interventions such as epidural steroid injection and facet joint injection may be necessary. The patient’s back may require back surgery if the injury is severe.
Its symptoms depend upon the root cause of pain. The main symptoms include itching ache or pain anywhere in the back. A person can perceive a burning or stabbing sensation often combined with muscle ignition. Activities such as stretching or lifting can make the situation worse.
Back pain can be caused by spinal injury or degeneration. It often develops without an identifiable cause, and cannot be recognized through tests or such techniques. Certain age-related changes can also cause back pain, particularly lower back pain. But, physicians should be able to treat it despite its causes and complexities. Some frequent causes of back pain include:
Depending upon the causes, the back pain can fluctuate concerning time-span and occurrence. It may occur abruptly or gradually and may worsen over time.
The diagnosis process begins with investigating the medical history and inspecting the symptoms. Patients can be asked to describe his/her situation, and whether the pain reduces or aggravates with time and changes in activities.
Then, physicians or physiotherapists carefully examine the patient’s back and can ask them to show certain movements to locate the area of pain. They can then evaluate your motions and based upon their best knowledge prescribe your tests, or digital X-rays, and check for further abnormalities.
Once you are done with the X-ray process, doctors will determine the best-fit treatment method for you. The treatment process starts with conservative methods such as physical therapy, acupuncture, and chiropractic treatment. As recommended treatment may vary, depending upon different symptoms and age groups- any of the following methods can be prescribed:
After having done with the conservative treatment and still you feel pain and the symptoms persist, then you would need interventional pain management such as epidural steroid injection and facet joint injection. Back surgery is also an option but only in case of severe back injuries.
In the early stages of back pain, you should probably know that it can last for a few days or it can last for years, and that timeline influences how your pain is treated and diagnosed.
As the term suggests, acute back pain is severe and usually lasts between 7 and 10 days. Two to six weeks can pass between acute and chronic pain. It is common for chronic back pain to last longer than six or eight weeks, every day. They can be mild, deep, burning, or achy, and may last for months or even years.
Where is just as important as when. Physical pain may be caused by herniated discs, facet joints, soft tissues, or vertebral discs. Usually, back pain that travels from one part of the body to another is considered radicular pain (because it radiates; get it? ), particularly if it radiates below the knee. Typically, lumbar radiculopathy is caused by sciatica (e.g., painful sciatica). Back pain is not always associated with leg pain.
If you awake from sleep and suddenly feel back pain, then certain adaptations in your lifestyle can help you get rid of the pain at home, and you would not need to see a doctor. But keep in mind that severe cases would not be cured by such methods. Try to involve in small activities and change your sleeping pattern because a poor sleeping pattern can aggravate the pain and worsens the situation. Do not take rest for long, too much bed rest lengthens recovery time and prolongs the pain. In addition, try massage, gentle exercise, hot or cold packs. Take regular pain-relieving medications to keep yourself on track of recovery. Stay active by doing light exercises such as stretching and walking, regularly.
If the back pain is due to injury, then the above methods would not work and you would need to seek medical intervention. In this case, you must be feeling pain to lower extremes and numbness in the legs or foot.
In most cases, the exacerbating factor may include the following lifestyle habits:
Back pain can affect anyone, even children and teens. You might be more prone to back pain if you have these factors:
The back of the body is a complicated structure, so that’s a lot of information to take in. This is why we have written a detailed article about back pain! The information in this article can assist you when seeking a diagnosis for your back pain or if you wish to learn more about an existing condition that you are aware of. Consult with our back injury specialist in NJ if you need any assistance regarding back problems.