Walking and bending are two movements you use throughout your day that hinge on healthy hips. An injury or chronic condition such as arthritis can damage the hip and cause stiffness and pain that make even the simplest tasks seem impossible.
An arthroplasty procedure is performed to relieve hip pain using a hip replacement. A hip joint is replaced with artificial implants during this surgery. It consists of a ball (located at the top of the thigh bone, known as the femur) and a socket (located in the pelvis, also known as the hip bone). One or both hips can be replaced during hip replacement surgery. The procedure aims to reduce your pain so that you can resume daily activities and exercise comfortably.
If you suffer from severe hip pain that interferes with daily activities and nonsurgical treatments do not help or are no longer effective, hip replacement surgery might be the best option for you. In most cases, hip replacements are needed because of arthritis damage.
Various conditions can cause damage to the hip joint, requiring this procedure sometimes:
Hip replacement may be beneficial if your hip pain:
There are several risks that come with hip replacement surgery, including:
Your orthopedic surgeon will examine you before surgery. During the operation:
Asking questions about the procedure during your preoperative evaluation is a good idea. If you plan to take any medications the week before surgery, be sure to check with your doctor about whether you should stop or continue taking them.
Avoid using tobacco products during the month before surgery and for two months after the surgery, since tobacco use can interfere with healing. See your doctor for assistance if you want to quit.
You shouldn’t have any dental work done two weeks before surgery, including teeth cleaning.
Your hospital gown will be waiting for you when you check in for surgery. Your lower half of the body will be numbed either with a spinal block or through a general anesthetic.
Additionally, your surgeon may inject you with an anesthetic around nerves or in and around joints to help block pain after surgery.
How does a hip replacement surgery work?
Hospitals or surgery centers perform hip replacements. In most cases, outpatient procedures are considered the most appropriate even when complications require observation or care.
A typical, uncomplicated total hip replacement surgery has the following steps.
After hip replacement surgery, you can expect less pain and a greater range of motion in your joint. Be realistic about the amount of activity you’ll be able to do once your hip becomes painful. Your artificial joint might be damaged if you participate in high-impact activities, such as running or playing basketball. Nonetheless, you will eventually be able to swim, play golf, hike, or drive a bike.